The regular promotions of the government employees are generally decided on the basis
of recommendations made by the Departmental Promotion Committees. The
Departmental Promotion Committees are constituted to judge the suitability of officers
(a) promotions to “Selection” as well as "Non-selection" posts
(b) assessment of the work and conduct of probationers for the purpose of determining
their suitability for retention in service or their discharge from it or extending their
probation and subsequent confirmation if found suitable for retention in service.
The UPSC should be associated with DPCs in respect of all Central Civil Services/posts
belonging to Group 'A' where promotion is based on the principles of “Selection cum
Seniority” unless it has been decided by the Government not to associate the UPSC with
a Group 'A' DPC. The UPSC need not be associated in respect of the posts belonging to
Group 'A', if the promotion is based not on the principles of "Selection" but on
Whenever the UPSC is associated with a DPC, the Chairman or a Member of the
Commission will preside over the meeting of the DPC.
Where the Recruitment/Service Rules lay down promotion as one of the methods of
recruitment, some period of service in the feeder grade is generally prescribed as one
of the conditions of eligibility for the purpose of promotion.
The eligibility dates for determining the eligibility of officers for promotion would be
the first day of the crucial year, i.e. January, 1 irrespective of whether ACRs are
written financial year-wise or calendar year-wise.
Guidelines for DPCs
The following guidelines are laid down to regulate the assessment of suitability of
candidates by DPCs:
While merit has to be recognised and rewarded, advancement in an officer's career
should not be regarded as a matter of course, but should be earned by dint of hard
work, good conduct and result-oriented performance as reflected in the annual
confidential reports and based on strict and rigorous selection process.
Confidential Reports are the basic inputs on the basis of which assessment is to be made
by each DPC. The evaluation of CRs should be fair, just and non-discriminatory. Hence,
the DPC should assess the suitability of the employees for promotion on the basis of
their Service Records and with particular reference to the CRs for five preceding years
irrespective of the qualifying service prescribed in the Service/Recruitment Rules. (If 2
more than one CR has been written for a particular year, all the CRs for the relevant
years shall be considered together as the CR for one year).
Where one or more CRs have not been written for any reason during the relevant
period, the DPC should consider the CRs of the years preceding the period in question
and if in any case even these are not available, the DPC should take the CRs of the
lower grade into account to complete the number of CRs required to be considered as
per above para. If this is also not possible, all the available CRs should be taken into
Principles to be observed for preparation of panel:
In case of ‘selection’ (merit) promotion, the hitherto existing distinction in the
nomenclature (‘selected by merit’ and ‘selection-cum-seniority) is dispensed with and
the mode of promotion in all such cases is rechristened as ‘selection’ only. The element
of selectivity (higher or lower) shall be determined with reference to the relevant
benchmark (“Very Good” or “Good”) prescribed for promotion.
The DPC shall determine the merit of those being assessed for promotion with reference
to the prescribed benchmark and accordingly grade the officers as ‘fit’ or ‘unfit’ only.
Only those who are graded ‘fit’ (i.e. who meet the prescribed benchmark) by the DPC
shall be included and arranged in the select panel in order of their inter-se seniority in
the feeder grade.
Those officers who are graded ‘unfit’ (in terms of the prescribed benchmark) by the
DPC shall not be included in the select panel. Thus, there shall be no supersession in
promotion among those who are graded ‘fit’ (in terms of the prescribed benchmark) by
Procedure to be followed by DPC in respect of government servantsunder cloud:
At the time of consideration of the cases of government servants for promotion, details
of government servants in the consideration zone for promotion falling under the
following categories should be specifically brought to the notice of the Departmental
i. Government servants under suspension;
ii. Government servants in respect of whom a charge-sheet has been issued and the
disciplinary proceedings are pending; and
iii. Government servants in respect of whom prosecution for a criminal charge is
The DPC shall assess the suitability of the government servants coming within the
purview of the circumstances mentioned above along with other eligible candidates
without taking into consideration the disciplinary case/criminal prosecution pending.
The assessment of the DPC, including “Unfit for Promotion”, will be kept in a sealed
The same procedure outlined in the above para will be followed by the subsequent
Departmental Promotion Committees convened till the disciplinary case/criminal
prosecution against the government servant concerned is concluded.
It has been decided that the “Sealed Cover Procedure” prescribed in the Department of
Personnel and Training, OM No. 22011/4/91-Estt.(A) dated
14.9.1992 referred to above may be followed at the time of consideration for ad hoc
promotion also in the case of government servants –
(i) who are under suspension;
(ii) in respect of whom a charge-sheet has been issued and the disciplinary proceedings
are pending; and
(iii) in respect of whom prosecution for a criminal charge is pending.
Processing of recommendations of DPC :
The recommendations of the DPC are advisory in nature and should be duly approved by
the appointing authority. A clearance from the Vigilance Section of the
Office/Department should also be obtained before making actual promotion or
confirmation of officer approved by DPC to ensure that no disciplinary proceedings are
pending against the officer concerned. Promotion should be made strictly in the order
in which the names of the officers appear in the panel.
Refusal of promotion:
When a government employee does not want to accept an offer of promotion, he may
make a written request to that effect and the same will be considered by the
appointing authority. If the reasons adduced for refusal of promotion are acceptable to
the appointing authority, the next person in the select list may be promoted.
However, since it may not be administratively possible or desirable to offer
appointment to the persons who initially refused promotion, on every occasion on which
a vacancy arises, during the period of validity of the panel, no fresh offer of
appointment on promotion shall be made in such cases for a period of one year from the
date of refusal of first promotion or till a next vacancy arises, whichever is later.
On the eventual promotion to the higher grade, such government servant will lose
seniority vis-a-vis his juniors promoted to the higher grade earlier irrespective of the 4
fact whether the posts in question are filled by selection or otherwise. The above
mentioned policy will not apply where ad hoc promotions against short-term vacancies
In cases where the reasons adduced by the officer for his refusal for promotion are not
acceptable, the appointing authority should enforce the promotion of the officer and in
case the officer still refuses to be promoted, then even disciplinary action can be taken
against him for refusing to obey the orders of the appointing authority.