Pages

Government Initiatives to Provide Social Security to Unorganised Workers, Including Landless Agricultural Labourers

Government Initiatives to Provide Social Security to Unorganised Workers, Including Landless Agricultural Labourers

With a view to providing social security to unorganised workers, including landless agricultural labourers, the Government enacted the “Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008”. The Act provides for constitution of National Social Security Board to recommend social security schemes, namely, life and disability cover, health and maternity benefits, old age protection and any other benefit as may be determined by the Government forunorganised workers.
The following are the recent initiatives undertaken by the Government for unorganised sector, including landless agricultural labourers:
The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) was launched on 01.04.2008, to provide smart card based cashless health insurance cover of Rs. 30,000/- per annum on family floater basis to BPL families (a unit of five) in the unorganised sector.
The Aam Admi BimaYojana (AABY) was launched on 02.10.2007 with a view to providing insurance cover to the head of family or one earning member ofrural landless households between the age of 18 years and 59 years.
The Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) has been expanded by revising the criteria of eligibility. All citizens above the age of 60 years and living below poverty line are eligible for benefits under the scheme.
As per Census, 2001, there were more than 10.67 crorelandless agricultural workers. Out of which about 5.73 crorewere men and about 4.94 crore women. The female and male landless agricultural labourers are in the ratio of 54:46. Moreover,As per Economic Survey, 2011-12, the agriculture sector accounts for 12.3% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2010-11. State-wise number of landless agricultural workers (men and women) is as follows:
STATE-WISE LANDLESS AGRICULTURAL WORKERS AS PER CENSUS 2001
S.No.
States / Union Territories
Number of Landless Agricultural Labourers
Male
Female
Total
1.
Andhra Pradesh
6453741
7378411
13832152
2.
Arunachal Pradesh
10329
8511
18840
3.
Assam
832508
431024
1263532
4.
Bihar
8730251
4687493
13417744
5.
Chhattisgarh
1262559
1828799
3091358
6.
Goa
15970
19836
35806
7.
Gujarat
2509651
2652007
5161658
8.
Haryana
717133
561688
1278821
9.
Himachal Pradesh
55658
38513
94171
10.
Jammu & Kashmir
190339
56082
246421
11.
Jharkhand
1485322
1365975
2851297
12.
Karnataka
2620927
3606015
6226942
13.
Kerala
1078354
542497
1620851
14.
Madhya Pradesh
3518368
3882302
7400670
15.
Maharashtra
4924034
5891228
10815262
16.
Manipur
49928
63702
113630
17.
Meghalaya
90888
80806
171694
18.
Mizoram
12775
14008
26783
19.
Nagaland
15985
14922
30907
20.
Orissa
2587196
2411908
4999104
21.
Punjab
1104140
385721
1489861
22.
Rajasthan
1055332
1468387
2523719
23.
Sikkim
8762
8238
17000
24.
Tamil Nadu
4256360
4381270
8637630
25.
Tripura
162640
113492
276132
26.
Uttar Pradesh
8245599
5155312
13400911
27.
Uttarakhand
190494
69189
259683
28.
West Bengal
5080236
2282721
7362957
29.
A & N Islands
4043
1126
5169
30.
Chandigarh
461
102
563
31.
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
5429
9286
14715
32.
Daman & Diu
347
976
1323
33.
Delhi
11224
4549
15773
34.
Lakshadweep
00
00
00
35.
Puducherry
42117
30134
72251
Total
57329100
49446230
106775330
* NOTE: India and Manipur figures exclude Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions ofSenapati District in Manipur State as census results were cancelled due to administrative and technical reasons
******
ST/-

(Release ID :84892)

No comments:

Post a Comment